Southern African Humanities <p>A journal for archaeological, anthropological and historical research, especially that which concerns material culture</p> KwaZulu-Natal Museum en-US Southern African Humanities 1681-5564 <div>&nbsp;</div> <p>&nbsp;</p> “Painted buffalo horns”: imagery from the South African War <p>Several cattle horns engraved with scenes inspired by the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879 are attributed to an unnamed Zulu artist from the Newcastle district of the Colony of Natal, South Africa. The pair of engraved horns illustrated and described here are attributed to a “native” artist in the Bedford district of the eastern Cape Colony, South Africa. They are decorated with scenes from the South African War (1899–1902). The Bedford horns depart from the ordered design of the nineteenth-century exemplars with their flowing pattern, and their use of colour. Whereas the work of the Artist of Newcastle involved repetitive depictions framed within small panels and often related to the formal flaunting of power, the Artist of Bedford described chaotic and organically linked scenes of interpersonal combat in a mode more akin to landscape. Working in different contexts, the two artists produced different expressions of a common artistic genre for an early craft market within a spreading cash-economy.</p> Val Ward Justine Wintjes ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-08 2018-10-08 31 1 30 Between the body and the ancestors: expressions of religious thought in the clothing of Zulu-speaking women in the Nongoma region of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa <p>In the religious and philosophical thought of Zulu-speaking people the human body serves as a vehicle for spiritual forces. The body must be open to encounters with spiritual forces, while simultaneously protected from physical and spiritual threats. This state is especially true for women, who serve as conduits for the rebirth of ancestors. Clothing can be used to mediate encounters between the physical and spiritual worlds. Rather than the historical and political, this study examines the religious aspects of dress of women of the late twentieth century in the Nongoma region, South Africa. It develops a complex understanding of how women, as creators and wearers, use dress to navigate experiences unique to their gender.</p> Carol Boram-Hays ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-08 2018-10-08 31 31 54 New finds of engraved whole ostrich eggs from southern Namibia and the Northern Cape Province of South Africa <p>We describe two new caches of whole engraved ostrich eggs from southern Namibia and the Northern Cape Province of South Africa.</p> Leon Jacobson Dieter Noli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-08 2018-10-08 31 55 61 The praying mantis in Namibian folklore <p>This essay discusses the character and importance of the praying mantis among the Khoisan peoples of Namibia. It provides an analysis of interviews made between 1972 and 1997 among Nama and Damara people in Namibia. It aims to clarify misunderstandings and to come to an objective estimation of the debates about early Khoisan religion and practices. It builds on discussion in an earlier article, in 1973, and now continues on the main topics: the name ‘<em>hottentotsgod</em>’ and its development from pre-Christian times to present-day pejorative connotations; the insect in oracular use and as an omen, particularly in connection with rain; and the |Kaggen of the Bleek and Lloyd collection, the mythological trickster of the stories and the lord of animals in |Xam folk belief. The statements of present-day Nama and Damara people are complemented by references from further Bantu and Afrikaans sources from southern Africa.</p> Sigrid Schmidt ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-09 2018-10-09 31 63 77